Introduction：Elephant Trunk Hill is located at the intersection of Guilin’s Peach Blossom River and Li River. In 1995, it was named the city symbol of Guilin. The main attra
Elephant Trunk Hill is located at the intersection of Guilin’s Peach Blossom River and Li River. In 1995, it was named the city symbol of Guilin. The main attractions of the scenic area include Elephant Trunk Hill, Water-Moon Cave, Elephant Eye Rock, Puxian Tower, Sanhua Wine Kiln, Love Island, Yunfeng Temple Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Revolutionary Site Exhibition Hall, etc. The famous Xiangshan Shuiyue Cave contains 22 stone carvings of Tang and Song culture and history. With 3065 characters, it is the only water cave with the most stone inscriptions in Tang and Song Dynasties. In 2013 and 2014, he was awarded the title of "China's Most Beautiful Moon Viewing Place" twice by CCTV. In 2016, it was selected as the venue for the Southern Branch of the 2017 Spring Festival Gala of the Year of the Rooster. Therefore, Elephant Trunk Hill is not only a representative of Guilin's landscape, but also it has become a symbol of harmony between man and nature in Chinese landscapes.
Fubo Hill is known as "the patron saint of the Li River" because of its aloof mountain body, half-rested land, half-embedded in the river pond, every spring and summer, the river surges, the foothills block the sturdy waves, make the river reverse and swirl, and have the power to lower the waves. There are many precious plants and historical relics in the scenic area, such as the big iron bell, the pot of thousand people, and the Buddha statues of the Tang Dynasty. The portraits and calligraphy of Mi Fu in the Pearl Returning Cave are the most precious.
Folded Brocade Hill is condescending where you can overlook the entire Guilin panorama. One of the four peaks of Folded Brocade Hill, Mingyue Peak, is the highest peak in the city, with a relative height of 73 meters. The mountain is composed of layers of rocks of various colors, like pearls and jade, so it is named Folded Brocade Hill. There is a peculiar wind tunnel in the middle of the hill with 178 stone carvings and 98 cliff statues in 24 niches. For example, Marshal Chen Yi wrote "wiling to be a native of Guilin, but not an immortal", and the stone inscription of "Shou" by Guo Sijing in the Qing Dynasty. As the saying goes, he has lived through the entrance of the wind tunnel for 99, and climbed to Folded Brocade Hill for 130. At the top, you can get a bird's-eye view of Guilin with a 360-degree panoramic view and experience the artistic conception of the meeting place. The combination of landscape and humanities shows the essence of Guilin.
In 750 A.D., the famousmonk Jianzhen failed his fifth eastward journey to Japan, and then he moved to Guilin and lived in Kaiyuan Temple to teach the ordination. According to relevant historical records of Shingon Buddhism of Japan: In the first year of Tianping Shengbao (750 AD), monk Jianzhen discovered the place of King Kong and raised funds building two wooden pagodas which were about 100 steps away from Kaiyuan Temple in the south of Guizhou City in Tang Dynasty. It took more than 1 year to build the two pagodas and finished in the Xinmao (rabbit) year of Tang lunar calendar. Then twin bodhisattvas were cast. One was named Sun Bodhisattva and the other was named Moon Bodhisattva, which means to protect the Buddha of Medicine. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, the Sun Moon Pagodas were destroyed in war.
In 1999, during the construction of two rivers & four lakes round-city water system, the underground palace of the Tang Sun and Moon Pagodas was discovered. In 2001, the municipal government spent a huge amount of money to rebuild the twin pagodas on the original site. Among them, the sun pagoda is the tallest copper pagoda in the world today.
In the Underground Palace Museum of the Sun and Moon Twin Pagodas, there are exhibits of Buddhist relics unearthed from the Sun and Moon Pagodas of the Tang Dynasty. The most precious unearthed Buddha relic is the "Twelve Zodiac Royal Secret Collection of the Tang Dynasty", which is the first time that the secrets of Buddhism tantric have been made public in China for a thousand years.
Mulong Lake is the only artificially excavated lake among the four inner lakes. In the Song Dynasty, there were rows of barracks built here. In order to connect the two rivers with the inner lakes, Guilin Municipal Government excavated an artificial lake. As it is near to Mulong Cave, the lake is named "Mulong Lake". Mulong Lake is a scenic spot combining the natural landscape with history and culture. The Song Dynasty Dongzhen Gate and City Wall Ruins were just located on the north side of Mulong Lake, many Song style ancient architectural buildings were built in the scenic spot.
The Mulong Lake Scenic Spots was built in accordance with a corner of "Surfing the River at Qingming Festival" , a masterpiece painting by the famous painter Zeduan Zhang in Song Dynasty. The architectural complex of the Song Dynasty is magnificent and elegant. The entire lake area is just like colorful ink paintings, with various ethnic minority dances, visitors feel dreamlike as in a painting while they are visiting in the scenic spot.
Two Rivers & Four Lakes refers to the Guilin city-round water system composed of Ronghu Lake, Shanhu Lake, Guihu Lake, Mulong Lake, Li River and Peach Blossom River. It is the most beautiful scenic belt in the city center. Visit Guilin by boat started in the Tang Dynasty and flourished in the Song Dynasty. At that time, Guilin was densely covered with lakes and ponds. With the well-developed water system, it was easy to visit all the scenic spots in the city by a boat. Nowadays, Guilin's Two Rivers & Four Lakes recreate the prosperous in the past, reconstructing a city-round water system comparable to Venice, which is superb in China. Touring the Two Rivers and Four Lakes by boat has become the first choice for Chinese and foreign tourists while they are visiting Guilin city. The two rivers and four lakes scenic area completely embodies the wonderful scenery of "being surrounded by beautiful hills, embraced by a crystal-clear river " and the harmonious scenery of "city in the scene, scene in the city". As the only classic tour route in the city center of Guilin, taking a night cruise, you can view more than 10 traditional hills in Guilin such as Elephant Trunk Hill, Fubo Hill, Folded Brocade Hill, Old Man Hill, Baoji Hill, etc., and many attractions like the stupa beside the Peach Blossom River, Peach Blossom Dam, Zhuzi Archway, One-legged Pavilion; you can also have a chance to enjoy the classical Chinese garden view at Ronghu Lake and Shanhu Lake scenic area, the ecological garden view at Guihu Lake scenic area as well as the Song History and Culture at Mulong Lake scenic area; Besides, you can also visit the World Famous Bridges Expo Park, Famous Flowers and Trees Expo Park, Pavilions Expo Park and Sculpture Expo Park in the scenic area. There are many performances of Gui opera, local folk art, Guihu fishing fire, Lefang Yao's long hair dance-Dressing and Making-up at the Lotus Pond and many other performing arts showed at the bank of the lakes. You will understand why there is a sigh of "willing to be Guilin people but not gods" in the world.